Japanese, The Spoken Language : Part 1, Vol. 1 BEST
Graduate Association of Chinese Linguistics (GACL)The Graduate Association of Chinese Linguistics (GACL) is a registered student organization with the goal of promoting the linguistic study of the Chinese language. Research interest covers the full range of Chinese linguistics -- its norm and dialect variants, spoken and written forms, synchronic and diachronic aspects, and theoretical as well as applied linguistics and their pedagogical applications.
Japanese, The Spoken Language : Part 1, Vol. 1
Japanese: The Spoken Language (JSL) is an introductory textbook series for learning Japanese. JSL was written by Eleanor Harz Jorden in collaboration with Mari Noda. Part 1 was published in 1987 by Yale Language Press, Part 2 in 1988, and Part 3 in 1990. The series differs from most Japanese language textbooks in many ways, most basically in that it focuses exclusively on the spoken language and leaves discussion of any aspect of the written language to other textbooks, such as the parallel series Japanese: The Written Language (JWL).
Data on language spoken at home are based on the question, "Does this person speak a language other than English at home?," and if the answer was yes, also on the question "What is this language?" (If the answer was yes, individuals were asked also "How well does this person speak English - Very well, Well, Not well, Not at all.") If individuals spoke both English and another language at home, they were classified by the non-English language in data shown in Table 5, regardless of how well they spoke English.
The categories used to group data on language spoken at home are both linguistic and geographic and are based generally on Classification and Index of the World's Languages (Voegelin, C.F. and F.M., 1977). The classification used in Table 5 includes three major language groups (Indo-European languages, Asian and Pacific Island languages, and Other languages) and selected language families within each of the three groups (e.g., Romance languages within the Indo-European language group). As a result, these categories do not always correspond to the regions and subregions of the world used to group countries of birth (Tables 3 and 4). For example, unlike most languages spoken in European countries, Finnish and Hungarian are included with Other languages rather than with Indo-European languages.
All individual languages spoken at home with 10,000 or more foreign-born speakers in 1980 or 1990 or 2000 are listed separately in Table 5. Data for language families include languages not listed separately.
Data on mother tongue are based on a question on language spoken in this person's home when he was a child or, when the question was limited to the foreign-born population, on a question on what language was spoken in this person's home before he came to the United States. Data on mother tongue for 1910 to 1940 were tabulated only for the White population, which represented over 98 percent of the foreign-born population during this period (Table 9). For 1960 and 1970, data are shown for both the White foreign-born population (to compare with data for 1910 to 1940) and for the total foreign-born population. Starting with the 1980 census, a question on language spoken at home replaced the question on mother tongue. Data on language spoken at home for the foreign-born population are shown in Table 5.
To the extent possible, the language groups and families used to group data on mother tongue are the same as used in Table 5 to group data on language spoken at home. However, the concepts of mother tongue and language spoken at home differ considerably, and thus data in Tables 5 and 6 are not comparable.
Citation: Perniss P, Thompson RL and Vigliocco G (2010) Iconicity as a general property of language: evidence from spoken and signed languages. Front. Psychology 1:227. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00227
In order to improve the current level of Japanese teaching and the difficulty of non-standard Japanese spoken language, the author proposes a method for the study of the automatic scoring model of Japanese ants for scoring. The author introduces a semantic scoring model that integrates the long short-term memory neural network and self-attention mechanism, which can be applied to keyword scoring and sentence semantic scoring. The scoring principle of the model is as follows: firstly, extract the word and sentence features and represent them in a vectorized form, then use a bidirectional long short-term memory neural network to optimize the feature vector, and then use the self-attention mechanism to obtain the semantic features of the word or sentence. Finally, the semantic score is calculated by a simple neural network. Experiments show that compared with the semantic scoring model based on a stretchable recursive autoencoder that performs better in semantic scoring, the average correlation between this model and the original score is 0.444; the lowest rate of agreement with the original score is 95%; and the highest rate of agreement with adjacent ones is 74%. The automatic scoring model for Japanese interpreting with semantic scoring is proved to be practical and has excellent results.
There are over 7000 languages spoken in the world with different sounds and history. Some languages are most spoken than others depending on the the statistical variable you choose to focus on; like the number native speakers or the number of people that speak that language as a second language.
Here at TranslateDay we determined the position of the most spoken languages in the world by carefully examining Ethnologue: Languages of the World (2022, 25th edition) and a bunch of other statistical studies.
Currently, these are the 10 most spoken languages in the world in 2023, sorted by number of mother language speakers: Mandarin Chinese, Spanish, English, Hindi, Bengali, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, Yue chinese, Vietnamese.
The tenth language in our ranking is Vietnamese. This language is spoken by approximately 85 million speakers mainly in Vietnam, where it is considered national and official language. Vietnamese has also been officially recognized as a minority language in the Czech Republic.
Yue Chinese, often refered to as Cantonese is a group of langauges spoken in Southern China, particularly in the region of Liangguang, which include both the Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. Although Yue varieties share a lot of vocabulary with Mandarin, both languages are completely different in pronunciation, consonants and tone. Sentence structure, like verbs placement, may sometimes differ between the two dialects.
Japanese language follows Punjabi at ninth position, but with a higher number of speakers. This language is considered an isolated one because it is only spoken in one country: Japan with about 130 million speakers.
Russian follows Japanese on the list of the most spoken languages in the world. This is the largest of all the Slavic languages and is the official language of four countries. As a result of this, approximately 154 million people speak Russian as a first language.
Number six of this most spoken languages ranking is Portuguese. Portuguese is spoken by approximately 232 million people around the world, with a high number being in Africa and South America.
Bengali, often referred to as Bangla follows Portuguese as a language among the most spoken ones in the world. Although it is only spoken as a native language in a few different countries, mostly in Bangladesh and India, this language has around 234 million speakers, which leaves it very close to Portuguese. These two countries sing their national anthem in this language.
Note: In previous editions of the Ethnologue, Standard Arabic was considered to be the 5th most spoken language in the world, with around 270 million native speakers. However after 2022 edition, it is no longer considered a L1 Language, or native language. According to our sources, some languages, such as Chinese and Arabic, are sometimes considered language families and are sometimes considered single languages. Entries identified by Ethnologue as macrolanguages (such as Arabic, Persian, Malay, Pashto, and Chinese, encompassing all their respective varieties) are not included in this section as they cover several mutually unintelligible varieties.
The fourth most spoken language is Hindi. Hindi is only spoken as a first language in seven countries, the main ones are Nepal and India. It is important to notice that this number of first language speakers does not include Urdu. The success of this language is because of the sheer number of people living in the countries. Hindi language counts with around 344 million speakers.
Spanish is the second most spoken language in the world. It is spoken in 31 countries which are mostly around the Latin America and in Spain. This language has about 475 million native speakers in addition to the nonnative speakers.
It is important to note what is considered to be a language. There is a thin dividing line between languages and dialects. A language is usually a broader term that encompasses different dialects, while a dialect is a specific form of a language spoken in a certain area. For example, Spanish and English are languages, while Mexican Spanish and American English are dialects.
I would really like to thank you for sharing such amazing content with us. The most spoken language in the world is Mandarin and Spanish the second most spoken language in the world and one of the most translated language.
Thank you for your comment Abdallah. We do not hate Arabs or Arabic at all! We feel nothing but love for every people and language in the world. We updated our article to clarify this matter, please feel free to check here: -spoken-languages-in-the-world/#5_Bengali_ndash_234_Million_Native_Speakers.